Bulgaria

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The Imperial Eagle, found from Central Europe and Turkey east to Russia's Lake Baikal and Mongolia, migrates to southern Turkey, Israel, Egypt and northeast Africa, and is the focus of a BSPB conservation project: http://www.saveraptors.org/

© Eyal Bartov The Imperial Eagle, found from Central Europe and Turkey east to Russia’s Lake Baikal and Mongolia, migrates to southern Turkey, Israel, Egypt and northeast Africa, and is the focus of a BSPB conservation project: http://www.saveraptors.org/

The Balkan range, Stara Planina, runs west to east across central Bulgaria, with the Rila and Pirin mountains to the southwest, and the Rhodope mountains to the south. One of the largest migratory routes in Europe, the Via Pontica, runs along the western Black Sea coast. Main threats to birds in Bulgaria include effects of industry (especially timber industry and mining industries), such as pollution and habitat degradation; also hunting, habitat loss from development; and power lines.

Konstantin Gospodinov (Project Manager, LIFE for the Bourgas Lakes), Yuril Kornilev (Conservation officer, BSPB), Iordan Hristov (Monitoring officer, BSPB)

Our deep gratitude to all who collaborated with us and assisted us in Bulgaria, especially to musicians (from Plovdiv and Sofia) 
Stanislov Paunov (gadulka),
Temelko Nikolov Ivanov (kava),
Georgi Ivanov (tambura), and 
Milko Dashkov (gaida). Additional thanks to:
Iordan Hristov, Monitoring Officer, Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds (BSPB);
Konstantin Gospodinov, Project Coordinator, BSPB;
Yurii Kornilev, Conservation Officer, BSPB;Yoav Chudnoff, Friends of Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds; and 
Alexandr and Natasha Mosunov

(from left to right) Paul Winter with musicians from Plovdiv and Sofia: Temelko Nikolov Ivanov (kava), Stanislov Paunov (gadulka), Milko Dashkov (gaida), Georgi Ivanov (tambura)

Nikolay Kolev, right (gadulka)

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  • Bulgaria

    Size: 110,550 km²

    Human population: 7,543,325
    (World Bank, World Development Indicators, 2010)

    Bird species: 397
    Twelve bird species are globally threatened (Avibase - Bird Checklist of the World).

    Important Bird Areas: 114

    © Eyal Bartov

    In Bulgaria, on March 1st, called “Baba Marta,” (Grandma March), there is a tradition of wearing red and white threads tied into bracelets, or “martenitsa.” This old custom is linked to spring themes of fertility, abundance, and health. The bracelets are worn until the first returning stork is seen, and then the bracelets are tied to a tree, (often a fruit tree) to ensure bounty in the coming year.