Turkey’s topography gives rise to a variety of climactic zones with rich biodiversity. With coastline on three sides, Turkey forms a bridge between three continents, with a “bottleneck” in the south for migrating birds entering the Great Rift Valley. Turkey supports bird species from Europe, Central Asia Africa, and the Middle East, holding a significant percentage of the world population of several species, including more than 10% of the global population of the endangered Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus). The population of this species in Europe has declined more than 50% in the past 42 years and suffers ongoing declines through much of its African range. (BirdLife International 2013 Species factsheet: Neophron percnopterus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 05/06/2013)

Southern Turkey forms a “bottleneck” for migrating birds entering the Great Rift Valley. Main threats to birds include loss of wetlands, air and water pollution, land degradation, overgrazing, deforestation, habitat loss, power lines, hunting, and persecution of raptors (Meyburg, B.-U., 2005).


Doga Deregi is the BirdLife Partner in Turkey: http://www.dogadernegi.org/
Royal Society for the Protection of Birds:http://www.rspb.org.uk/ourwork/projects/details/198338-turkey-country-programme)

Our deep gratitude to all who collaborated with us and assisted us in Turkey, especially to 
Orhan Kokosal (szasz);
Wolde Gossa Tadesse (The Christensen Fund); 
Rafique Keshavjee (The Christensen Fund); 
Cagan Sekercioglu, ornithologist; 
Ilhan Celikoba, ornithologist; 
Emra Isbarali
; Betti Minkin; and 
Esin Rumi

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  • Turkey

    Size: 780,580 km²

    Human population: 72,752,325
    (World Bank, World Development Indicators, 2010)

    Bird species: 491
    of which 14 are globally threatened (Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World) including the Northern Bald Ibis (Geronticus eremita), which is critically endangered

    Important Bird Areas: 184

    The Turkish population of Northern Bald Ibis (Geronticus eremita) live in a semi-captive state in Birecik, southeastern Turkey. Once widespread throughout Europe, the Bald Ibis was reduced in numbers by agricultural changes to the landscape, and decimated by DDT spraying in the 1960s. Cagan Sekercioglu and researchers from the Ethiopian Wildlife Society satellite-tagged what is perhaps the last migratory population of Northern Bald Ibis and traced it from the Syrian desert to a remote Ethiopian location.